Monk fruit is a subtropical melon, typically harvested in Southeast Asia. It's claim to fame is that it is a zero calorie sweetener. Monk fruit also goes by the names Buddha fruit, and Luo Han Guo. Luo Han comes from the Sanskrit word arhat, a term for an enlightened monk. Monk fruit's botanical name is Momordica Grosvenori, chosen to honor Dr. Gilbert Grosvenor, who served as the Chairman of the National Geographic Society for 23 years and liberally encouraged the geographic and botanical exploration of China.
A review published by the Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, cites Monk fruit as having "a wide array of biological effects e.g. anti-tussive, phlegm-relieving, anti-oxidant, immunomodulatory, liver-protecting, glucose-lowering, and anti-microbial." The article mentions that in China, Monk fruit has been used for hundreds of year as a traditional medicine for pharyngitis, or "inflammation of the pharynx, causing a sore throat." As a natural antitussive (relieving cough), phlegm-reliever, and sore throat soother, Monk fruit may be especially interesting to consider for smokers.
A study published in a journal called Nutrients, a publication by MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute) "investigated potential anticancer effects of mogroside IVe, a triterpenoid glycoside from monk fruit." They found that "mogroside IVe has the ability to suppress the proliferation of colorectal cancer and throat cancer cells."
One of my favorite brands for Monk fruit sweetener is Lakanto which offers a variety of sweetener packets, sugar-free maple syrup, Matcha Latte mix, and many more Monkfruit sweetened products. Check out their volume discounts to stock up Costco style, qualify for free shipping and commit to a permanent, positive change in your diet.
Li, Chun, et al. “Chemistry and Pharmacology of Siraitia Grosvenorii: A Review.” Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, vol. 12, no. 2, 2014, pp. 89–102., doi:10.1016/s1875-5364(14)60015-7.
Tsuyoshi Goto, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Shizuka Hirai, and Teruo Kawada, “Various Terpenoids Derived from Herbal and Dietary Plants Function as PPAR Modulators and Regulate Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism,” PPAR Research, vol. 2010, Article ID 483958, 9 pages, 2010. doi:10.1155/2010/483958
Liu, Can et al. “Antiproliferative Activity of Triterpene Glycoside Nutrient from Monk Fruit in Colorectal Cancer and Throat Cancer.” Nutrients 8.6 (2016): 360. PMC. Web. 7 Aug. 2017.